Carbon Steel Tubes


Carbon Steel Tube Specifications

Carbon Steel Tube Specifications


SAE/AMS Specifications

SAE-J356

Welded Flash Controlled Low Carbon Steel Tubing Normalized for Bending. Double Flaring and Beading.

Covers normalized electric resistance welded tube ID flash-controlled .005” to .010” manipulative quality.

SAE-J524

Seamless Low Carbon Steel Tubing Annealed for Bending and Flaring.

Covers cold drawn seamless JIC hydraulic line tubing.

SAE-J525

Welded and Drawn Low Carbon Steel Tubing Annealed for Bending and Flaring.

Covers welded and drawn JIC hydraulic line tubing.

SAE-J526

Welded Low Carbon Steel Tubing.

Covers annealed welded tube with ID flash-in for general automotive applications.

SAE-J527

Brazed Double Wall Carbon Steel Tubing.

Covers copper brazed double wall low carbon steel tube intended for general automotive applications and other similar uses. Suitable for bending, forming and double flaring.

SAE-J529

Fuel Injection Tubing.

Covers low carbon steel tube specially manufactured for high pressure fuel injection lines for diesel engines.

AMS-5050

Seamless Annealed Low Carbon Steel Tube.

Covers cold drawn seamless JIC hydraulic line steel tubing for aircraft applications.

AMS-5062

Seamless Low Carbon Steel Tube.

Covers cold finished or hot finished seamless low carbon mechanical steel tube.

AMS-6360

Seamless SAE 4130 Alloy Steel Tubing.

Covers aircraft quality 4130 tube in condition N temper. Similar to MIL-T-6736 specification.

AMS-6365

Seamless SAE 4135 Alloy Steel Tubing.

Covers aircraft quality 4135 tube in condition N temper. Similar to MIL-T-6735 specification.

AMS-6371

Seamless SAE 4130 Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing.

Covers electric furnace grade magnaflux quality 4130 aircraft tube, either hot finished or cold finished, hardenable.

AMS-6372

Seamless SAE 4135 Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing.

Covers electric furnace grade magnaflux quality 4135 aircraft tube, either hot finished or cold finished, hardenable.

AMS-6381

Seamless SAE 4140 Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing.

Covers electric furnace grade magnaflux quality 4140 aircraft tube, either hot finished or cold finished, hardenable.

AMS-6415

Seamless SAF 4340 Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing.

Covers electric furnace grade magnaflux quality 4340 aircraft tube, either hot finished or cold finished, hardenable.


ASTM Specifications

A 53

Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe

A 161

Seamless Low-Carbon and Carbon-Molybdenum Steel Still Tubes for Refinery Service

A 106

Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

A 178

Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes

A 120*

Black and Hot-Dipped Zinc-Coaled (Galvanized)Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe for Ordinary Uses

A 179

Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Heat-Ex-Changer and Condenser Tubes

A 134

Electric-Fusion (Aro)-Welded Steel Plate Pipe (Sizes 16 in. and Over)

A 192

Seamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure Service

A 135

Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe

A 199

Seamless Cold-Drawn Intermediate Alloy-Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

A 139

Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (Sizes 4 in. and Over)

A 200

Seamless Intermediate Alloy-Steel Still Tubes for Refinery Service

A 209

Seamless Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

A 210

Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

A 211

Spiral-Welded Steel or Iron Pipe

A 213

Seamless Ferritic Chrome-Moly Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes

A 214

Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

A 226

Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes for High-Pressure Service

A 250

Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

A 252

Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe Piles

A 254

Copper Brazed Steel Tubing

A 333

Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service

A 334

Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service

A 335

Seamless Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

A 370

Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

A 381

Metal-Arc Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Transmission Service

A 405

Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe Specially Heat Treated for High-Temperature Service

A 422

Butt Welds in Still Tubes for Refinery Service

A 423

Seamless and Electric Welded for Low Alloy Steel Tubes

A 450

General Requirements for Carbon, Ferritic Alloy, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Tubes

A 498

Seamless and Welded Carbon, Ferritic, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Heat-Exchanger Tubes with Integral Fins

A 500

Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds and Shapes

A 501

Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing

A 512

Cold-Drawn Buttweld Carbon Steel Mechanical Tubing (CDBW). Covers carbon steel mechanical tube manufactured from hot strip by the hot continuous weld process and subsequently cold drawn. Standard grades for CDBW are 1010, 1012 or 1020 depending upon various factors.

A 513

Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon and Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing (ERW-DOM). Covers carbon and alloy steel mechanical tube manufactured by cold forming and electric resistance welding of hot rolled or cold rolled strip. Type 1 covers As-Welded HREW, Type 2 covers As-Welded CREW Roth HREW and CREW usually are supplied in 1010 grade. Type 5 covers welded and drawn-over-mandrel (DOM) tube. DOM usually is supplied in 1020 or 1026 grade.

A 519

Seamless Steel Mechanical Tubing (CDS or HFS). Covers carbon and alloy steel mechanical tube manufactured by the seamless process (extruded or pierced) followed by hot finishing or cold finishing. Chemistry and dimensional tolerances are the controlling factors. Supplemental requirements are available on special order basis. Although many grades are listed, grades 1016, 1026, 4130 and 4140 are the most common for distributor stock.

A 106

Seamless Carbon Steel Mechanical Tubing (HFS). The applicable portions of this seamless carbon steel pipe specification establish chemistry and property limits for large OD heavy wall mechanical tube sizes not covered by ASTM-A-519 specification.

A 520

Supplementary Requirements for Seamless and ERW Carbon Steel Tubular Products for High-Temperature Service Conforming to ISO Recommendations for Boiler Construction

A 523

Plain End Seamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Pipe-Type Cable Circuits

A 524

Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe forA tmospheric and Lower Temperatures

A 530

General Requirements for Specialized Carbon Steel and Alloy Pipe

A 539

Electric-Resistance-Welded Coiled Steel Tubing for Gas and Fuel Oil Lines

A 556

Seamless Cold-Drawn Carbon Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes

A 557

Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes

A 587

Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Pipe for the Chemical Industry

A 589

Seamless and Welded Carbon Steel Water Well Pipe

A 618

Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Tubing

A 655

Special Requirements for Pipe and Tubing for Nuclear and Other Special Applications

A 671

Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures

A 672

Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Service at Moderate Temperatures

A 691

Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe, Electric-Fusion-Welded for High-Pressure Service at High Temperatures

A 692

Seamless Medium Strength Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Roller and Superheater Tubes

A 700

Rec. Practice for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Domestic Shipment

* Specification A 120 has been discontinued and superseded by A 53.

The information and data presented herein are typical or average values and are not a guarantee of maximum or minimum values. Applications specifically suggested for material described herein are made solely for the purpose of illustration to enable the reader to make his own evaluation and are not intended as warranties, either express or implied, of fitness for these or other purposes.


Carbon Steel Pipe Data

Carbon Steel Pipe Data

Diameter Tolerances – Seamless And Welded

Nominal Pipe Size Inches

Outside Diameter Tolerances-Inches Or Percent of O.D.

A120(1)

A53

A106

API-5L

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

1/8- 11/2 IPS

O.15”

.031”

.015”

.031”

.015”

.031”

.015”

.031”

2-4 IPS

1%

1%

1%

1%

.031”

.031”

1%

1%

5-8 IPS

1%

1%

1%

1%

.062”

.031”

.75%

.75%

10 IPS-18 OD

1%

1%

1%

1%

.093”(2)

.031”(2)

.75%

.75%

20 OD-26 OD

l%

1%

1%

1%

.125”(2)

.031”(2)

1%

1%

(1)Specification A120 has been discontinued.(2)S
ome mills may require ± 1% of nominal O.D. for sizes over 10í IPS in heavy walls of A 106 pipe.


Wall Tolerances – Seamless

Nominal Pipe Size Inches

Outside Diameter Tolerances-Inches Or Percent of O.D.

A120(1)

A53

A106

API-5L

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

1/8- 21/2 IPS

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5

20.0

12.5

3 IPS

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5

By Wi.

12.5

18.0

12.5

31/2 IPS-26 OD

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5(2)

By Wt.

12.5(2)

15.0

12.5

(1)Specification A120 has been discontinued.
(2) Some mills may require ± 12.5% of nominal wall for sizes over 10” IPS in heavy walls of A53 & A106 pipe.


Wall Tolerances – Welded

Nominal Pipe Size Inches

Outside Diameter Tolerances-Inches Or Percent of O.D.

A120(1)

A53

A106

API-5L

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

1/8- 21/2 IPS

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5

Available Only As

20.0

12.5

3 IPS

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5

Seamless Pipe

18.0

12.5

31/2 IPS-18 OD

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5

15.0

12.5

20 OD-26 OD

By Wt.

12.5

By Wt.

12.5

17.5

10.0

(1) Specification A120 had been discontinued.


Weight Tolerances – Seamless & Welded

Nominal Pipe Size Inches

Outside Diameter Tolerances-Inches Or Percent of O.D.

A120(1)

A53

A106

API-5L

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Plus

Minus

Standard

10

10

10

10

10

3.5

10

3.5

Extra Strong

10

10

10

10

10

3.5

10

3.5

Dble Extra Strong

10

10

10

10

10

3.5

10

3.5

(1)Specification A120 has been discontinued.
(2)Pipe 4” & under is weighted in conventional lifts, over 4” in individual lengths.


Typical Properties

Grade Designation

Chemistry

Tensile KSI

Yield KSI

Elong. Percent In 2”

C

Mn

P

S

Si

A1068 Smls.

.30 max

.29-1.06

.048 max

.058 max

.10 min

60 min

35 min

30 min

A53B Smls.

.30 max

1.20 max

.05 max

.06 max

-

60 mm

35 mm

30 min

SLB Smls.

.27 max

1.15 max

.04 max

.05 max

-

60 min

35 min

30 min

A120 Weld.

No Values Specified

No Values Specified

The information and data presented herein are typical or average values and are not a guarantee of maximum or minimum values. Applications specifically suggested for material described herein are made solely for the purpose of illustration to enable the reader to make his own evaluation and are not intended as warranties, either express or implied, of fitness for these or other purposes.